Here is a link to a page that describes a lot of detail about the VFW. VFW Fact Sheet
The VFW traces its roots back to 1899 when veterans of the Spanish-American War (1898) and the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902) founded local organizations to secure rights and benefits for their service: Many arrived home wounded or sick. There was no medical care or veterans' pension for them,and they were left to care for themselves.
In their misery, some of these veterans banded together and formed
organizations with what would become known as the Veterans of Foreign
Wars of the United States. After chapters were formed in Ohio, Colorado
and Pennsylvania, the movement quickly gained momentum. By 1915,
membership grew to 5,000; by 1936, membership was almost 200,000.
Since then, the VFW's voice had been instrumental in establishing
the Veterans Administration, creating a GI bill for the 20th century,
the development of the national cemetery system and the fight for
compensation for Vietnam vets exposed to Agent Orange and for veterans
diagnosed with Gulf War Syndrome. In 2008, VFW won a long-fought victory
with the passing of a GI Bill for the 21st Century, giving expanded
educational benefits to America's active-duty service members, and
members of the Guard and Reserves, fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The VFW also has fought for improving VA medical centers services for women veterans.
Besides helping fund the creation of the Vietnam, Korean War, World
War II and Women in Military Service memorials, the VFW in 2005 became
the first veterans' organization to contribute to building the new
Disabled Veterans for Life Memorial, which opened in November 2010.
Annually, the nearly 2 million members of the VFW and its
Auxiliaries contribute more than 8.6 million hours of volunteerism in
the community, including participation in Make A Difference Day and
National Volunteer Week.
From providing over $3 million in college scholarships and savings
bonds to students every year, to encouraging elevation of the Department
of Veterans Affairs to the president's cabinet, the VFW is there.
Here 120 Facts about the VFW.
1. On September 29, 1899, the American Veterans of Foreign Service was formed by 13 veterans of the Spanish-American War.
2. We have been known as the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States since August 1, 1914.
3. The purposes of our organization as defined by our Congressional Charter are fraternal, patriotic, historical, charitable and educational.
4. Our mission is to foster camaraderie among United States veterans of overseas conflicts. To serve our veterans, the military and our communities, and to advocate on behalf of all veterans.
5. The 13 co-founders of the VFW were: George Beekman, David Brown, Oscar Brookins, John Clark, Charles Click, Bert DuRant, Andrew Grant, George Kelly, John Malloy, James Putnam, James Romanis, Walter Waddington and Simon Heiman.6. There are three qualifiers for membership in the VFW, as set out in our bylaws. An individual must meet all three in order to become a member. They are as follows:
a. Citizenship – must be a U.S. citizen or U.S. National.
b. Honorable Service – must have served in the Armed Forces of the United States and either received a discharge of Honorable or General (Under Honorable Conditions) or be currently serving.
c. Service in a war, campaign, or expedition on foreign soil or in hostile waters.
7. Our official tagline is: No One Does More For Veterans.
8. In 1949, we celebrated our 50th birthday with an appearance by President Harry S. Truman.
9. We became congressionally chartered during the 74th Congress on May 28, 1936.
11. The Cross of Malta, the official seal of our organization, is over 1,000 years old, with origins dating back to the Crusades. The ideals for which the crusaders fought for are identical to the present-day principles of democracy – freedom, justice and tolerance.
12. Together, the Cross of Malta’s rays and seal symbolize the character, vows and purposes distinguishing the VFW as a vigorous order of men and women who havetraveled far from home to fight for the principles to which they are pledged.
13. Bob Hope has won two of the VFW’s most prestigious awards, the VFW James E. Van Zandt Citizenship Award in 1946 and the VFW Dwight D. Eisenhower Distinguished Service Award in 1972.
14. The VFW first established its headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1914.
15. Following WWI in 1918, the VFW National Headquarters relocated to New York. 16. The VFW National Memorial Building is located a few blocks from Capitol Hill and houses both our National Legislative Service and National Veterans Service departments.
17. By 1930, VFW National Headquarters had relocated to its current home in Kansas City, Mo.
18. Our VFW leaders chose Kansas City because it was in America’s heartland and was close to Union Station, a hub for 32 railroad lines, making it easily accessible.
19. We were located in Kansas City, Kan., until moving to our present location in 1930.
20. There are 212 people that work for VFW National Headquarters including the Washington Office and Pre-Discharge offices.
22. In addition to being the first major veterans organization to contribute to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, we also gave $50,000 to the Memorial Fund to create and distribute a curriculum guide, Echoes from The Wall, to 25,000 public and private high schools in 1999.
23. In 2018, we helped recoup more than $8.3 billion in earned benefits from VA.
24. VFW National Conventions used to be called encampments.
26. The VFW supports the annual "Run for the Wall,” a cross country motorcycle ride to the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C. The VFW sponsors refueling for all participating riders during a scheduled stop near the VFW National Headquarters.
27. In 2022, the VFW National Convention will be back in our hometown of Kansas City, Mo.!
28. On Feb. 1, 1960, President Dwight D. Eisenhower addressed a crowd of more than 2,000 during the dedication of the VFW Memorial Building in Washington, D.C.
29. Since being established in 2015, the VFW-SVA Legislative Fellowship has allowed for 45 fellows to come to D.C. to advocate for veterans’ rights. We’re currently accepting applications for the 2020 fellowship class!
30. Together with the VFW Auxiliary, we boast over 1.6 million members across the globe.
31. VFW Posts were called camps until 1913.
32. In 2001, the VFW’s Benefits Delivery at Discharge program was established to help service members preparing to separate from the military. Today, it’s called the VFW Pre-Discharge Program.
33. There are nearly 6,200 VFW Posts worldwide.
34. VFW Posts are divided up into 52 Departments.
35. Each VFW Department is represented with a seat on the National Council of Administration which serves as the VFW’s board of directors.
36. The VFW "Buddy”® Poppy is a symbol of remembrance that dates back to WWI.
37. Today, our "Buddy”® Poppies are still assembled by disabled and needy veterans in VA hospitals.
38. In 2015, the VFW was the first veterans’ service organization to pledge financial support of the National Desert Storm War Memorial Foundation. We presented a check for $100,000 toward our $500,000 pledge.
39. Eight U.S. presidents were members of the VFW. They are: Theodore Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford and George H. W. Bush.
40. Robert B. Handy was "Mr. VFW” because he carried the titles of Adjutant General and Quartermaster General from 1923-1950. He also helped organize the first "Buddy”® Poppy drive.
41. The VFW’s very first website launched on February 29, 1996.
42. The first all-women VFW Post was inaugurated in Topeka, Kan., in 1995.
43. In 1950, the VFW Life membership was instituted. Today, we also have three tiers of Legacy Life membership: Bronze, Silver and Gold.
44. Billy Ray Cameron was the first Vietnam veteran to serve as Commander-in-Chief. He was elected in 1984.
45. The VFW has strongly advocated on behalf of America’s student veterans for more than a half a century. Its efforts have led to the 1944 GI Bill of Rights, the 1984 Montgomery GI Bill, the Post-9/11 GI Bill, and most recently, the Forever GI Bill.
46. Representative James Van Zandt was also a three-term VFW Commander-in-Chief. During his tenure as a VFW leader, he took part in the establishment of our congressional charter, oversaw the VFW National Memorial Building project and helped establish Loyalty Day.
48. We have more than 2,000 VA-accredited VFW Service Officers located nationwide who help veterans fight for the VA benefits they have earned.
49. In 1981, the VFW won the first-ever case for PTSD disability compensation for a Vietnam veteran.
50. The VFW Pre-Discharge program has 24 offices across the country.
51. The museum at VFW National Headquarters is named after past VFW Commander-in-Chief James Van Zandt.
54. Our Help A Hero scholarships have been awarded to more than 1,400 deserving veterans and service members!
55. While female World War I nurses began qualifying for membership in 1921 following the war, it wasn’t until 1978 that women were formally admitted to the VFW.
56. The only Commander-in-Chief to have died in office was T. C. Selman. Elected Commander-in-Chief in 1980, he was from Texas.
57. Carl Sandburg, a famous poet, writer and editor, was a VFW member. His many awards include three Pulitzer Prizes and a Grammy.
58. Gene Tunney, nicknamed "The Fighting Marine," was a VFW member. He held the world heavyweight title from 1926-1928, and retired undefeated as a heavyweight with 65 wins, 48 being by knockout.
59. In early 1998, the number of VFW Life members surpassed the 1 million mark for the first time.
60. Founded in 1921 as a VFW auxiliary, the Military Order of the Cootie helps meet the needs of the children of the National Home, as well as hospitalized veterans through their "Keep ‘Em Smiling in Beds of White” program.
61. VFW co-founder Oscar Brookins was awarded the U.S. Army’s Medal of Honor for dragging a wounded comrade to safety under heavy fire during the battle for El Caney in Cuba in July 1898.
62. The first chairman of the House Committee on World War Veterans Affairs was Rep. Royal C. Johnson of South Dakota, a committed VFW member at Post 17 in Aberdeen, S.D.
63. In 1999, the Smart/Maher National Citizenship Education Teacher Award was created to recognize instructors who promote patriotism and troop support in the classroom. Today, the tradition continues by honoring three teachers each year. Five additional teachers are also recognized with a gift of professional development with the Freedoms Foundation.
64. In 2016, Debra Anderson was elected the first woman Quartermaster General.
65. To support the efforts of World War II, VFW committees examined, selected, coached and recruited more than 100,000 men for the armed forces. Some 65,000 became Army Air Force pilots, bombardiers and navigators.
66. The VFW has been instrumental in every piece of veterans’ legislation in the 20th and 21st centuries. 67. Championed by the VFW, the Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans Act of 2019 was signed into law this year, restoring VA benefits that had been arbitrarily stripped away to thousands of veterans.
68. The VFW testifies in front of Congress over 20 times every year.
69. In 1949, the first VFW Legislative Conference was held by VFW national and state leaders to lobby directly on Capitol Hill.
70. The VFW played a key role in making Veterans Day a national holiday.
71. The VFW awarded its first scholarship to a Boy Scout in 1930 in the amount of $300.
72. Since the Unmet Needs program was established in 2004, the VFW has distributed more than $11.3 million in financial assistance to military families to help cover basic needs in times of crisis.
73. We have distributed 10,042 grants to military families in need through our Unmet Needs program.
74. In 1965, the VFW started a nationwide movement to "Support the Boys in Vietnam.” As veterans ourselves, we understood how important it was to forge a link with the troops through sending tons of relief parcels. During the course of the war, nine VFW Commanders-in-Chief visited fighting men in the field.
75. In November 1904, the first issue of American Veteran magazine was printed.
76. In 1914, the magazine changed names to align with the organization’s name change: Foreign Service.
77. In 1951, the magazine changed its name one final time to VFW.
78. In 1929, the VFW recovery of U.S. remains from North Russia marked the organization’s entry in to the MIA accounting quest. This is something we remain committed to today.
79. One of our first legislative victories was in 1917 when the War Risk Insurance Act Amendments were passed. This expanded life insurance coverage from WWI soldiers to also include sailors in the United States Merchant Marine.
80. In 2018, VFW Pre-Discharge offices filed 15,000 VA claims on behalf of transitioning service members.
81. In 1974, to commemorate our 75th anniversary, the U.S. Postal Service recognized the VFW with a special postage stamp.
82. In 1988, the Department of Veterans Affairs Act was passed, a long-sought VFW goal. This established the Veterans Administration as a cabinet-level executive department.
84. It was the VFW that waged a campaign to establish the Star-Spangled Banner as the official national anthem. The bill was enacted in March 1931.
85. VFW members contribute 9.4 million hours of volunteer work every year.
86. During World War II, VFW raised $150,000 to buy 15 training planes, actually prepared 44,300 pilots for combat duty, and was consulted on the creation of the United Nations.
87. VFW members distributed over 9.3 million "Buddy”® Poppies last year.
88. Proceeds from the "Buddy”® Poppy program exceeded $12 million last year!
89. The VFW "Buddy”® Poppy program provides compensation to the veterans who assemble the poppies, provides financial assistance in maintaining state and national veterans' rehabilitation and service programs and partially supports the VFW National Home for Children.
90. The VFW’s first student essay contest was hosted in 1916.
91. Over 40,000 high school students competed in the 2018-19 Voice of Democracy audio essay competition.
92. More than 122,000 students participated in the 2016-17 Patriot’s Pen competition.
93. Babe Ruth, N.Y. Yankees slugger, presented President Warren Harding with the first official "Buddy”® Poppy in 1923.
94. The VFW raised $6 million for the National WWII Memorial.
95. The VFW Action Corps is the grassroots lobbying efforts of the VFW. Hundreds of thousands of VFW members and advocates write, call and visit lawmakers to discuss issues related to veterans each year.
96. The VFW gave the National WWI Memorial in Kansas City, Mo., $350,000 to help expand the Liberty Memorial Museum, which houses the nation's most comprehensive collection of World War I historical materials. We're also proud to be a commemorative partner in the WWI centennial festivities.
97. The VFW Auxiliary was founded 105 years ago.
99. The VFW National Home in Eaton Rapids, Michigan, was established in 1925 as a place where the families left behind by war could remain together, keeping the family circle intact even when their service member didn’t come home. Today, the VFW National Home for Children’s mission is to provide children and families of active-duty military, war veterans, and descendants of the VFW and its Auxiliary, opportunities for growth and development in a nurturing community, and by doing so serves as a living memorial to all veterans.
100. In 1918, a letter writing campaign and ambulance drive is launched for Doughboys in France during WWI. Soldiers serving there were actively recruited to join the VFW. This was the beginning of a long-standing tradition of supporting our troops.
101. Centennial Plaza, located just outside of VFW National Headquarters, was dedicated on October 5, 2001.
102. Under the flagpoles of Centennial Plaza, located just outside the headquarters building, you’ll find samples of earth collected from more than 200 battlefields where American forces have fought since our country’s founding.
103. Centennial Plaza contains 1,330 custom bricks in honor and in memory of VFW and Auxiliary members and their families.
104. The Citizen Soldier statue located outside of our national headquarters honors our role in easing the transition between military and civilian life for millions of war veterans that have claimed VFW membership.
105. Previously known as the VFW Ladies Auxiliary, in 2015 it officially changed its name to VFW Auxiliary which opened up eligibility to all military spouses.
106. In 1952, our national Disaster Relief Fund was established. This fund continues to support veterans, service members and their families affected by natural disasters like this year’s Hurricane Dorian.
107. The VFW has a long history of supporting the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and was, in fact, the first major veterans’ organization to support building The Wall by contributing more than $300,000 to the project.
108. In 1991, the VFW’s Operation Hometown sent 100,000 care packages to troops in the Persian Gulf.
109. Checkpoint, the VFW’s award-winning e-newsletter, highlights many local VFW efforts.
110. In 1990, the VFW contributed $650,000 to the Korean War Memorial.
111. In front of our Washington, D.C., office stands a 36-foot-tall Torch of Freedom statue, honoring Americans who fought during a dozen wars since 1776. The piece was commissioned by Felix De Weldon, known for his massive Iwo Jima Memorial in Virginia.
112. One of the VFW’s most popular youth activities was its National Marble Tournament. The first marble tournament was hosted in 1947 in Boys Town, Neb.
113. In 1950, the National Marble Tournament was even featured in the pages of Life magazine.
114. By the mid-1950’s, approximately 150,000 boys were participating in the annual marble competition.
115. In addition to publishing 10 magazines a year, VFW magazine has published 13 books. The most recent book, Brutal Battles of Vietnam, can be purchased in the VFW Store!
116. Every year, the VFW’s Commander-in-Chief goes on a fact-finding mission to learn and then report back on the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency.
117. In 2019, the VFW Auxiliary reached nearly 500,000 members!
118. Over the last decade, members of the VFW Auxiliary have raised more than $30 million to support cancer research.
119. In 2019, we are celebrating a Century of Service as we honor 100 years since the founding of our National Veterans Service and National Legislative Service programs.